AskDefine | Define hate

Dictionary Definition

hate n : the emotion of hate; a feeling of dislike so strong that it demands action [syn: hatred] [ant: love] v : dislike intensely; feel antipathy or aversion towards; "I hate Mexican food"; "She detests politicians" [syn: detest] [ant: love]

User Contributed Dictionary



  • /heɪt/
  • Rhymes with: -eɪt

Etymology 1

hatian. Cognate with Dutch haten, German hassen, Swedish hata.


  1. To dislike intensely; to feel strong hostility towards.
to hate

Etymology 2

hete < *xatis-. Cognate with German Haß, Swedish hat.


  1. Hatred.
    He gave me a look filled with pure hate.
  2. An object of hatred.
    One of my pet hates is traffic wardens.
See hatred.

Related terms

Extensive Definition

Hatred is a word that describes intense feelings of dislike. It can be used in a wide variety of contexts, from hatred of vegetables to hatred of other people. Prejudice or bigotry against an entire class of people (e.g. racism) are examples of hatred.
Philosophers have offered many influencial definitions of hatred. Rene Descartes viewed hate as an awareness that something is bad, combined with an urge to withdraw from it. Baruch Spinoza defined hate as a type of pain that is due to an external cause. Aristotle viewed hate as a desire for the annihilation of an object that is incurable by time. Finally, David Hume believed that hate is an irreducible feeling that is not definable at all.
In psychology, Sigmund Freud defined hate as an ego state that wishes to destroy the source of its unhappiness. In a more contemporary definition, the Penguin Dictionary of Psychology defines hate as a "deep, enduring, intense emotion expressing animosity, anger, and hostility towards a person, group, or object." Because hatred is believed to be long-lasting, many psychologists consider it to be more of an attitude or disposition than a (temporary) emotional state.

Suggested reading

  • The Psychology of Hate by Robert Sternberg (Ed.)
  • Hatred: The Psychological Descent into Violence by Willard Gaylin
  • Why We Hate by Jack Levin
  • The Psychology of Good and Evil : Why Children, Adults, and Groups Help and Harm Others by Ervin Staub
  • Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence by Aaron T. Beck
  • Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing by James Waller


hate in Arabic: كراهية
hate in Breton: Kasoni
hate in Catalan: Odi
hate in Danish: Had
hate in German: Hass
hate in Estonian: Vihkamine
hate in Spanish: Odio
hate in Esperanto: Malamo
hate in Basque: Gorroto
hate in French: Haine
hate in Ido: Odio
hate in Indonesian: Benci
hate in Inuktitut: ᐆᒥᓱᑦᑐᖅ/uumisuttuq
hate in Icelandic: Hatur
hate in Italian: Odio (sentimento)
hate in Hebrew: שנאה
hate in Lithuanian: Neapykanta
hate in Hungarian: Gyűlölet
hate in Dutch: Haat
hate in Japanese: 憎悪
hate in Norwegian: Hat
hate in Polish: Nienawiść
hate in Portuguese: Ódio
hate in Russian: Ненависть
hate in Simple English: Hate
hate in Finnish: Viha
hate in Swedish: Hat
hate in Yiddish: האס
hate in Chinese: 怨恨

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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